Sunday, April 14, 2013

Guns Do not Kill People, Gun Culture Is

As the gun control debate deteriorate into shouting matches and threats of rebellion, most of the world seem to have confusion, see the American gun culture and laws as sad and gun rights odd.US advocates are correct in their claim that the global evidence is not immediately appealing when it comes to the relationship between gun ownership and homicide rates. And most studies of U.S. gun laws previously shown limited impact on levels of violence. It seems that the wrong set of questions. The international evidence is clear that it takes more than guns cause crime rates are high, but the arms allows the violence, both intentional and unintentional, and a large, lightly regulated sale of weapons cause more carnage in the Americas.You not be very far in the history of Stephen Pinker on violence, the angels both our Nature, to find enough support for the idea that there are more murders than prevalence of guns. In precivilization, more than 15 percent of all deaths caused by violence, simple weapons like stone. Even today, the strongest connection to the murder rate in the world involving the overall level of economic development, inequality, and social cohesion than prevalence.Yet pistol if you confine your attention in developed countries, related to between guns and more violence. A survey of academic studies at Harvard University Lisa Hepburn and David Hemenway Forrester high-income countries with more guns have many murders. America has the highest gun ownership in the world, with nine guns for every 10 people. In the U.S. also has by far the highest rate of gun violence in the rich countries. In another study looked at 23 countries in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Hemenway and colleagues found that the U.S. murder rate was 6.9 times higher than rates in other high-income countries , persuaded by firearm homicide rate of 19.5 times higher. In addition, unintentional gun deaths in the United States more than five times higher than in other countries. Among the 23 countries, the United States account for 80 percent of all firearm deaths, 87 percent of all children under 15 who died by firearms U.S. children. In 2005, 5,285 children were killed by American gunfire compared to 57 in Germany and not Japan a country with some of the toughest gun control in the world. In America, people who live in homes with guns are more likely to be killed. The house with a gun is 12 times more likely to have a household member or guest killed or injured by guns than by an intruder. And while gun-violence relationship is not perfect inside or rich countries, counter-example is the implication that gun-rights advocates can not. Consider Switzerland, with the second highest rate of gun ownership among OECD countries, but overall a very low rate of murder-third of the OECD average. While Swiss-gun related killings are more common elsewhere in the OECD, which still shows that almost availability of guns does not require a lot of force to any country crime.Yet understand "takes the well-regulated militia in the security of the "free state Second Amendment of the U.S., it would be Switzerland. Gun ownership is required as part of the draft. Becomes, the arms stored in the depot, so they are not immediately available. Military service requires soldiers to attend the re-population, the extensive training sessions from age 20 to 50. Switzerland is the ideal example of why the material culture and institutions for the relationship between guns and violence.Meanwhile, Mexico provides a case study of what happens when more guns, meet the weaker institutions . Four years after the U.S. assault weapons ban over in 2004, 60,000 illegal guns taken in Mexico were traced back to U.S. Luke Chicoine, an economist at the University of Notre Dame, estimates that the expiration of the federal assault weapons ban led to at least 2,684 more murders Mexico. Similarly, a study from New York University researchers found that murders rise in Mexican border city after 2004, especially those who are most involved in the narcotics trade. Spike is more dramatic in the city on the border of California, with a state-level ban on assault weapons that remain in place after the U.S. ban on apostasy. A survey of court cases reported in their paper found that 3 percent are trafficked guns come from California, Arizona vs. 29 percent and 50 percent of Texas.The Switzerland and the case of Mexico suggests that the U.S. should take the full text of The Bill of Rights slightly more seriously if you want a safe gun culture. Maybe we should allow people of the gun-but only if they serve the National Guard for 30 years.Because about the importance of the wider culture and institutions at the level of gun violence, and because a large number of weapons in circulation, it is quite plausible that law Additional consideration in Washington would have little impact on the overall U.S. force. After all, consensus that the prohibition of weapons of violence, fortunately, a small impact on reducing crime. That does not mean that more guns reduces crime evidence clearly shows otherwise. In particular, the strict rules governing the size of the magazine or sale of assault weapons can also reduce the number of victims of the mass shooting. China saw a school stabbing spree on the same day as the massacre of 22 children Newtown wounded, not killed. The mass murder trial, the type of weapon that really matter, and a few guns in circulation will lead to fewer accidents and deaths suicides.Yet most gun control laws are weak and partly to be tried in this country right now a marginal impact on the overall level of violent crime. If America really wants to reduce gun death rate seen in all developed countries, the government needs to confiscate weapons from the hands of the private sector and thus strengthen the rule of training and safety. There is no appetite in either party in the White House urge switch.The a more powerful version of the assault weapons ban, limit the size of the magazine, and improving the registration and background checks will still make sense, not just because you It reduced the mass shootings deaths in the U.S. but also because it can save lives across America. However, until the U.S. sees 13,000 annual gun deaths as a serious problem meriting restrictions on ownership of guns, not much will change.

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